Study for Evaluation of the Protective Effects of Urtica Dioica Leaves on Cardiac Function In Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Albino Rat
Egyptian Journal of Veterinary Sciences (القضية : 2) (الحجم : 55)
Urtica dioica (UD) is used for a number of therapeutic purposes. Has traditionally been used in the control of cardiovascular disorders, especially hypertension. Also, the leaf extract of UD has been reported to improve glucose homeostasis in vivo. This raises the question of the relationship between UD, diabetes, and heart disorders. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of watery leaf extract UD on the heart parameters associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) in Wistar rats. Animals were divided into 4 groups (N = 25). The untreated normal control rats only received distilled water (n = 8).), diabetic control rats group received alloxan 120 mg/Kg body weight (n = 7), the diabetic rat group treated with UD at 250 mg/kg body weight (n = 5), and the diabetic rats that received UD extract at 500 mg/Kg body weight (n = 5) orally twice daily for 5-6 days. Data showed that in the diabetic group heart rate decreased and induce bradyarrhythmia. After treating diabetic rats with 250 mg/kg enhancement in heart rate was recorded. Additionally, increasing the UD concentration to 500mg/kg further increases the heart rate to the normal value. The current study indicates widen in QRS, which seems to be disturbances of intraventricular conduction that can be seen in right and left bundle branch blocks, heart failure, and myocardial ischemia. Conclusively, these data show that UD appears to have antidiabetic and noncytotoxic properties, it is associated with reducing the effect of diabetics on the heart.
Interaction effect of social isolation and taurine doses on in vivo cardiac electrical activity in rat
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci (القضية : 6) (الحجم : 10)
Taurine, a ubiquitous endogenous sulfur-containing amino acid, possesses numerous pharmacological and physiological actions, including antioxidant activity, modulation of calcium homeostasis, and antiapoptotic effects. There is mounting evidence supporting the utility of taurine as a pharmacological agent against heart disease, including chronic heart failure. This study investigated the potential protective effects of taurine, on behavior and cardiovascular function in the male rat following arrhythmia induced by the social stressor. Here, we studied levels of heart electrical activity following experimental conditions: Cage control, social isolation in standard rat housing for 14 days, and pharmacokinetics effect of intravenous administration of different doses of taurine on arrhythmia induced by social isolation in vivo after. The ECG signals and parameters were recorded and analyzed with the aid of Bio Amp of ADInstruments data acquisition system and LabChart software. The results showed infusion of Taurine 1mg/kg/hr, 2.5 mg/kg/hr and 10mg/kg/hr non significantly change heart rate (BPM), QRS intervals, S amplitude (mV), T amplitude (mV), ST height (mV), JT height (mV), QT intervals (s) and QTc (s).
The Role of K+, Ca2+ channels and Endothelial Hyperpolarizing Factors in Vasorelaxation Induced by Tribulus terrestris
Technium BioChemMed (القضية : 1) (الحجم : 2)
The present study focused on the relaxant effect of themethanolic extract (ME) of Tribulus terristris on rats’ thoracic aortae and included the study of underlying vasorelaxation mechanisms. The methanolic extract produced concentration-dependent relaxation in rats’ aorta. The methanolic extract produced concentration-dependent relaxation in the aortic rings. The use of different K+ channel blockers (BaCl2, 4-AP, GLIB, and TEA) indicated that Kv, KATP, KIR, and KCa and L-type Ca channels played no role in the methanolic extractinduced relaxation. However, with respect to endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors, PGI2 and sGC produced a mild inhibition in the relaxation response to ME while NO produced no effect at all. Based on the novel results of the current study, it can be concluded that T. terrestris methanolic extract (ME) mediated relaxation in isolated rat aortic tissues in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, we discovered that ME-mediated relaxation is endothelium-dependent and that potassium and calcium ion channels play no role in this relaxation with a limited role of PGI2 and sGC.