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Published Journal Articles


Electrochemical Degradation of Alizarin Black Dye in Aqueous Medium using Fe/Al Electrode

Science Journal of University of Zakho (Issue : 2) (Volume : 7)
This work investigates the electro-catalytic degradation of alizarinblack dye in an electrochemical cell using Fe as anode and Al as cathode. The influence of initial dye concentration, effect of salt, pH, change of temperature and effect ofchange of applied voltage have been studied in addition, the influence of semiconductor dose has studied as well. In the current work roughly total removal of 70 mg/L of dye occurred in 16 minonly. The results showedthat effect of both electrolyte concentration and applied voltage was positive if combined together and the rate of degradation in neutralmedium was the best for degradation of Alizarin black dye.

Removal of Acid Alizarin Black Dye from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption Using Zinc Oxide

International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry (Issue : 2) (Volume : 11)
The adsorption of Acid Alizarin Black (AAB) dye (C.I. 21725) on zinc oxide was investigated in this study. The adsorption was carried out under different operating conditions. The operating conditions were contact time, adsorbent dosage (10, 30, 50, 70 and 100 mg), initial dye concentration (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 mg/L), the pH of the solution (2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 12) and temperature (20, 30, 40, 50 and 60°C). The remo val percentage of dye on ZnO decreases from 67% to 54% with increase in initial dye concentration from 10 to 70 mg/L, respectively. It was found that the increasing of ZnO dosage enhanced the dye removal. The increasing of temperature insignificantly enhanced the removal of dye. The study reports that the best pH of solution for the adsorption of AAB on ZnO were 7 and 8. The adsorption data have been analysed using Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin. It is indicated that the adsorption of dye onto ZnO was endothermic. The uptake process of AAB obeyed the pseudo second order kinetic expression.

Photodegradation Study of Toluidine Blue Dye in Aqueous Solution using Magnesium Oxide as a Photocatalyst

International Journal of Chemistry (Issue : 2) (Volume : 7)
The photocatalytic degradation of Toluidine Blue dye (TB) in aqueous solution was investigated under UV light in the presence of magnesium oxide (MgO) as a photocatalyst at different operating parameters. The operating conditions were photocatalyst dose, initial dye concentration and the pH of the solution. Increasing of photocatalyst dose from 10 to 70 mg enhanced the degradation rate of TB dye. However, the increasing of TB dye concentration from 2 to 8 mg/L negatively affected the degradation rate. It was found that the percent of dye removal reached the maximum value at high acidic medium. In dark condition, 15 % of dye was adsorbed by MgO. Furthermore, the kinetics involved in the degradation of TB dye was examined and the degradation was found to follow pseudo first order kinetic model

Homogeneous Photocatalytic Degradation of Acid Alizarin Black Using Hydrogen Peroxide

Science Journal of University of Zakho (Issue : 2) (Volume : 2)
Photocatalytic degradation of acid alizarin black (AAB) dye (C.I. 21725) in aqueous solution was investigated using UV light in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as a catalyst at different operating conditions. The operating conditions were concentration of catalyst dosage (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mL of 30 % H2O2), initial concentration of AAB dye (100, 150 and 200 mg/L) and pH (3.3, 6.84 and 10.8). It was found that the increasing of catalyst concentration enhanced the dye decolourisation. Hydrogen peroxide exerted positive effects on the AAB removal whilst the initial concentration of AAB negatively affected its removal. It was also found that the removal efficiency of AAB increased with the pH value close to neutral (pH 7), while a reversed trend was observed at acidic and basic medium.