This study was performed to investigate the impact of air pollution on leaf area and anatomical features of Melia azedarach L. trees, in urban areas with three demographical classes: location (I) industrial area, location (II) roadside area and free parts (control area) as a location (III) of Duhok city/Kurdistan Region-Iraq, during July 2021. The results demonstrated that the leaf area of selected plants' leaves in location I had reduced with no noticeable change in the average stomata density in the three locations I, II and Ⅲ. Meanwhile, the results of the most anatomical features of the blade (blade, lower cuticle, epidermis (both upper and lower) thickness, palisade layer height and spongy parenchyma width) in addition to midrib parameters (epidermis thickness (upper and lower), collenchyma and parenchyma layer width, phloem and xylem width and pith diameter) were decreased in both locations I, II, and with well-developed anatomical features in location III.
A New Name in Pterocephalus (Caprifoliaceae) from Kurdistan-Iraq
Science Journal of University of Zakho (Issue : 4) (Volume : 8)
Pterocephalus tetraflorusS. E. Shahbaz, nom, nova, is proposed as a new name forPterocephalus strictusBoiss. et Hohen, described by Boissier in1843, followed by Shahina and John in 2013. The description of P. tetraflorusis amended with characters of mature flowers and achenes, illustrated and its diagnostic characters, geographical distribution and habitats are presented. The speciesP. tetraflorusis closely related to P. strictus, but can be easily separated by forming only four-flowered capitula against numerous flowered-capitula forP. strictusand other Pterocephalusspecies