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Published Journal Articles


Mehmed Uzun as a Representative of Modern Kurdish Narrative

Humanities Journal of University of Zakho (Issue : 3) (Volume : 7)
This article is dedicated to the analysis of Mehmed Uzun’s initial Two novels, Tu (1985) and Mirina Kalekî Rind (1987). It focuses on Mehmed Uzun as a representative of modern Kurdish narrative. When it comes to the concepts of identity distortion in characters and their complicated state of mind, his novels can be a relevant subject matter for interpretation. In light of Mikhail Bakhtin’s theory of polyphony and the scholars who worked in his circle, this article explores the polyphonic aspects of Mehmed Uzun’s two initial novels. Through novelistic discourse analysis, it becomes apparent that the characters suffer from the dormant identity, which is locally given to them in Uzun’s diasporic fiction. Next, the discussion gives further details regarding polyphony and how problematic polyphony can be found in the novels mentioned above. Finally, this article sheds light on the notion of identity formation in the fictional novel and its relationship with the real world during the time the novels were written. It concludes that the entire representation of characters and settings in his novels leads to the production of a realistic novel with the consistent discourse that can be considered an objective view of a specific time in history which is undermined.

Burden of Colonialism and Alienation in Modern Kurdish Novel

International Journal of Kurdish Studies (Issue : 2) (Volume : 5)
This article focuses on the influence of the colonialism and how such forces are reflected in the modern Kurdish novel. It becomes apparent that such forces are yet at a great work in the regions inhabited by the Kurds in the region of Middle East. Furthermore, this study considers how sophisticated means are being used physically, culturally, and economically as an ongoing process where people have been deprived of stability, prosperity and peace. In concluding remarks, it becomes evident that the impact of colonialism, has influenced people on four levels: First, the internal displacement, mostly reflected in Gharbi Mustafa’s first two novels. Secondly, The Inner psychological conflict, this experience is reflected in Ismet Badal’s novel Dawiya Şervanekî. Thirdly, man’s quest for traditions which is mostly reflected in Yashar Kemal’s novel The Pomegranate Tree. These factors have triggered a response to the dominant narrative in the form of novels.


Humanities Journal of University of Zakho (Volume : 5)
Despite the fact that Zakho provides a safe sheltering for multi-faith/ethnic groups, little has been documented about tolerance and coexistence regarding people residing this town. This paper analyzes a book titled My Father’s Paradise, written by Ariel Sabar, published in 2008. It focuses on the initial events of the book that take place in Zakho; a town located in Kurdistan region of Iraq. This town plays an important role in the development of Sabar’s main characters of the story. Additionally, the paper focuses on the notion of tolerance among various religious groups co-existing in the same town. In exploring the notions of tolerance and coexistence, researchers closely approach the development of major character in order to gain insights into the characters’ lifestyle and how they are represented in the world of the story. The paper concludes that the ambience of Zakho town, including cultural, traditional and geographical elements as well as personal names, have essentially influenced individuals’ moral, intellectual, and spiritual character development of My Father’s Paradise.