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Published Journal Articles



JEELS (Journal of English Education and Linguistics Studies) (Issue : 1) (Volume : 7)
Abstract: The current study investigates Kurdish students’ attitudes towards the use of films in teaching literary works at universities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The study also highlights whether using films in teaching literary works is beneficial or not and what challenges are faced by them. The data were collected by using questionnaires and interviews from 60 students aged between 18-24 years old from both private and public universities. Out of 60 students, 15 were randomly chosen to be interviewed. Results show that some students consider teaching literary works using films is beneficial, as it encourages students to study and read more literary works and it also makes them actively interact with the content which helps them remember the events more effectively. However, the study also reveals that some Kurdish students consider teaching literary works using films is a waste of time, and this discourages interaction between students and their teacher. In addition, ‘boredom’ and ‘language difficulty’ are the other two major challenges faced by Kurdish students.

The Impact of the Application of Lexical Approach on Developing Students’ Writing Skills at a University Level

European Scientific Journal (Issue : 32) (Volume : 13)
Abstract This paper aims at investigating experimentally the effect of applying the Lexical Approach (henceforth LA) on the achievement of third-year University students of English in the cause and effect essay writing. It examines theoretically and practically the LA and the notion of lexical units in English along with explaining some other relevant points. The two groups, pre-test and post-test experimental design were adopted to ensure group matching control over the intervening variables. After six weeks of instruction based on the LA, the results revealed that the experimental group had statistically significant gain scores between their pretests and post tests in the essay-writing test. The control group, however, did not have statistically significant gain scores on the dependent measure. The LA was beneficial to the third-year students. Consequently, the major findings validated the hypothesis of the study. In view of the findings obtained, application of the LA has been recommended and a number of pedagogical implications have been presented.


Humanities Journal of University of Zakho (HJUOZ) (Issue : 1) (Volume : 5)
ABSTRACT: This is a small-scale study that aims to investigate Zakho city English teachers' awareness of the teaching methods that should be used in teaching Sunrise Series. The current study collected both qualitative and quantitative data utilising different data collection methods. The participants of the study were 38 teachers from Zakho city teaching in different levels (primary, secondary, and high school). These 38 teachers were chosen to respond to a questionnaire especially designed to achieve the objectives of the study. Nine of these participants were chosen to be interviewed. Each three were chosen to represent a level of education mentioned above. This study also employed different data analysis methods so as to obtain valid results. Results revealed that the majority of the teachers at Zakho city are aware of the English teaching methods but do not know which ones should be used in teaching the Sunrise curriculum. It was also revealed that they are using classical methods in teaching a curriculum which is especially designed to be taught according to the CLT approach. Finally, this study also found that the majority of the teachers need improvement in their teaching practices, particularly in teaching the Sunrise Series.

Investigating the Influence of Setting on Language Learning: The Case of Bahdini Kurdish Learners of English

European Scientific Journal (Issue : 3) (Volume : 13)
Abstract It was argued that those learning the language while mingling with the community are better learners than those learning in the academic setting where they only opt to use the academic language. The current small scale study investigates the influence of the setting on two Bahdini Kurdish learners of English living in the UK in two different contexts. One of the learners has been learning English in an academic setting, while the other has been learning English through daily interactions with the community in a non-academic setting. Data were collected through interviews and observation. Results revealed that both learn English effectively for the context where their language will be used. However, the academic language learner was capable of expressing himself more than the one learning the colloquial language. The academic leaner could use a variety of strategies to express different situations and had a clearer language than the one learning the colloquial language even though the academic language learner did not mingle with academicians like the colloquial leaner did with the community.


European Scientific Journal (Issue : 10) (Volume : 11)
Abstract This paper is conducted at the University of Zakho, department of English language studies in (2013-2014). It investigates Kurdish learners' characteristics and their effects on the process of their second language learning. The data of the current study was collected throughout a methodological triangulation utilizing a questionnaire which consisted of 13 questions and it was given to a 100 students from different level in English department. Also a number of students were interviewed (2 students from each level) in order to obtain as reliable and authentic data as possible; the interview questions were 10. This research paper has been conducted to provide a detailed presentation of the learners’ characteristics and investigates their effects on the process of second language learning. It is revealed that the majority of the students are affected by some main characteristics such as anxiety, personality and motivation. And also the results and findings revealed that the majority of the students have some characteristics that affect their level in the process of second language learning in both ways negative and positive.


European Scientific Journal (Issue : 11) (Volume : 11)
Abstract Throughout the last two or three decades, group work has become a part that cannot be separated from other classroom activities. This research study identifies the different opinions of Kurdish students concerning the advantages and disadvantages of group work in the classroom. The research was conducted on 100 Kurdish university students who had at least two years experience of group work at Universities in Kurdistan (Zakho, Dohuk, Salahaddin, and Sulaimani universities). Anonymously, a questionnaire was completed and its results were submitted by the respondents, hoping that their responses could directly address the research aim. Then, 20 students from the ones who participated in filling in the questionnaire were chosen and interviewed so as to gain as valid and reliable data as possible for the results of the study to be authentic. Thus, a triangulation methodological strategy was followed in this research study to produce valid results. The findings from both instruments revealed that “better communication”, “group work is a mutual interest”, “group members clarify difficult things to each other” and ''it takes a short time to finish a task in group work'' were students’ positive opinions, while “some members prefer to relax and stay silent”, “some members do not like to work”, ''group work is a waste of time as students talk about external things and they cannot reach any agreement' 'and “students depend on each other” were their negative opinions concerning group work. Suggesting further considerable studies on attitudes of students concerning group work, the research concludes.

A Critical Review Study Conducted on Two Academic Articles Published in the Educational Field: From a Research Perspective

Education (Issue : 6) (Volume : 4)
Abstract The primary focus of this study is to critically analyse two academic papers published in the educational field in terms of the validity and reliability of their methods of data collection and analysis, research design, and ethical implications. This is done in an attempt to demonstrate the valid procedure of conducting a research paper as a general aim for the current study. This is a desk research study conducted primarily for educational purposes. Data was collected from different resources found in the library of the University of Huddersfield in the United Kingdom. The analysis of the current research was conducted in the light of many educational resources specialized in research papers and publication. Results from the current study show that due to the lack of many standards, Brown's research is not reliable, valid and authentic, whereas Ornprapat and Saovapa's research is outstanding, valid, reliable, and authentic.

Investigating Kurdish Students' Reading Strategies

Education (Issue : 6) (Volume : 4)
Abstract This study is conducted to investigate the reading strategies used by students at University of Zakho/English department. This paper has been conducted through designing a questionnaire out of 13 questions which was sent out to 100 participants from a total number of 240 students from different levels at English department. Along with that, semi-structured interviews were utilised with students and teachers to produce valid and reliable results. It is revealed that there are many strategies of reading that students use while they read. These are concentrate on the text only, summarizing the text by using the students' own words and thoughts, skim the text and also using scanning technique, previewing the text, writing some questions about the passage, and taking notes and drawing graphs. Also, the findings indicate that the majority of students in English department follow the strategies of reading and depend on them in their daily reading activities.